Producing energy for the cell by way of the generation of ATP as a component of the Krebs cycle is the job of the mitochondria in all types of cells, including those of plants and animals. Mitochondria are membrane-bound organelles that may be found in the cells of most eukaryotic creatures. The singular form of mitochondria is mitochondrion.
Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion, singular) that are responsible for producing the vast majority of the chemical energy required to fuel the biochemical activities that take place within the cell. The mitochondria are responsible for the production of chemical energy, which is then stored in a tiny molecule known as adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
What is the mitochondrion?
- NCBI Bookshelf Entry for ″The Mitochondrion″ in ″Molecular Biology of the Cell″ Mitochondria take up a sizeable amount of the cytoplasmic space in eucaryotic cells, and their presence has proven absolutely necessary for the development of more sophisticated animal life.
- If animal cells didn’t have mitochondria, their only source of ATP would be anaerobic glycolysis, which can only occur in the absence of oxygen.
Why did animals keep the mitochondria they inherited from their common ancestors?
The second part of our solution consists of determining why it is that animals have maintained the mitochondria they acquired from their ancestors in common with other eukaryotes. In eukaryotic cells, the mitochondria are responsible for producing energy through a process known as oxygen respiration.